Zakynthos has an especially rich flora and fauna. The high rainfall index has created a verdant environment, which is full of trees and forests, with a variety of rare blooms and flowers.
The environment of Zakynthos has become the subject of international interest due to the fact that its southern shores are the breeding ground of the sea turtle Caretta-Caretta, a rare species that is protected by international agreements as well as by Greek law. Greece has already moved ahead with the creation of the National Sea Park in the Bay of Laganas, whose sole aim is to protect this rare species.
Also, the Monachus – Monachus seal, which is also protected by Greek law, lives and reproduces on the steep western shores of the island.